Oral health advices
Did you know that your oral hygiene habits affect your overall health? There is a connection between oral diseases and other pathologies, such as cardiovascular diseases. Taking good care of your mouth is a good investment in health for the future.
It is important to remove bacterial plaque from gums and teeth daily. If not, it sticks to the teeth and causes inflammation of the gums (called gingivitis) and decay. Both adults and children should brush their teeth with fluoridated toothpaste twice a day. As of adolescence, you should also clean between your teeth daily.
Eat a balanced diet and limit snacks between meals. Go to the dentist periodically to have a professional cleaning and a routine oral exam.
From 0 to 3 years
If the child has one or a few teeth, gently clean the gums and teeth of your baby, after each meal with a cloth or gauze diaper moistened with water, or use a finger brush (they place the fingers like the old ones thimbles for sewing) and that are specially designed to brush the teeth of young children.
When the child has more teeth you have to get used to a daily oral hygiene routine, for which you can use a toothbrush with soft bristles and small head, at least twice a day. It is not recommended to use toothpaste at this age because most pastes have fluoride, and their intake could irritate the stomach.
3 to 5 years
It is necessary to start taking children of this age to the dentist for evaluation of diet, oral hygiene and fluoride applications.
Around age 3, children should use a soft toothbrush with a small amount of infant toothpaste (amount equal to 1 lentil), and under the supervision of the parents to prevent the child from swallowing paste.
The fall of the first teeth usually begins around 5 or 6 years, when the long process of tooth renewal begins to achieve definitive teeth. As the final teeth grow and start to come out, they push the temporary teeth, causing the latter to release and fall.
The frequency of brushing should be at least twice a day, after breakfast and before going to sleep. It is necessary a high supervision and commitment of the parents in brushing their children.
5 to 7 years
The most important in this period is the appearance of the first permanent molars (“molar of 6 years”), which spontaneously erupt behind the last baby teeth and often this fact goes unnoticed by parents and pediatricians, since the Molar of 6 years appears in the mouth without replacing any tooth. It is important to go to the dentist to seal these molars. The sealing should be complemented with fluoride applications every 6 months. Brushing at this age should still be supervised by the parents and should be done after each meal.
If the child has lunch at school, you should bring your brush and use it after lunch. This is very important to prevent the appearance of cavities.
7 years and over
It is important at this stage to go to the orthodontist to control the bite, the growth and development of the maxillary bones together with the eruption and location of the teeth.
The new definitive pieces that are appearing in the mouth must be sealed and continue with fluoride applications every 6 months in the dental office.
Around the age of 12, the final second molars come out.
At about 13 years of age, all the final teeth are already in the mouth.
Brushing should be done with a soft bristle brush, including the use of dental floss and mouth rinses with fluoride, which should be part of daily practice in the prevention of tooth decay as of this age.
Finally, we recommend controlling the intake of sugary foods and fancy beverages, and replace them with healthy fruit and snacks.
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